In Part 1 of the series, the tech-driven platforms showcased at the Tech 4 Traffic event were profiled. The fact that from a policy perspective, we have the problem figured out all wrong was also introduced, as was shared by Dr. Eric Aligula,acting Executive Director of the Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA).
The insights shared by the kind policy chief are captured in a series of infographics below(mostly self-explanatory):
From a policy perspective, the role of transport is hinged on the cost effective MOBILITY of people and goods, not so the movement of vehicles. Therefore any traffic/transport solution,tech-oriented or otherwise,must serve the former for it to be truly efficient.
In addition, the mean daily trip generation(number of trips/person) is 4.29(average), and the average total daily waiting times(in minutes/person) is 63.77(average).
Road crashes are a consequence of the interaction between the supply of (transport infrastructure) and demand for transport services. Status of road crash patterns is one indicator of the performance of this interaction.
(Kenya’s road crash patterns have been on a steady incline since 1963, with a slight decline in 2004,during the peak of Michuki Rules‘ effectiveness.)
Check out part 3 for suggestions/propositions on the way forth as regards Nairobi’s road safety,traffic management.
Two months ago, I challenged myself (and others) to translate one online conversation,rant or suggestion I had started/participated in/offered into an offline action. This was in a bid to prove to myself, and others that in an era of collaborative economy, we are empowered to do much,much more than just complain, opine or observe.
At the time, the rains pounding down on Nairobi made for a tune of traffic complaints, online and offline. Traffic jams were the subject matter of tweets and facebook updates. Overlappers earned their place on many a twitpic and the #TwitterBigStick was virtually caning many a driver.
Yet, with all the content that was being generated online, there was little,if anything to show for recourse. The state of roads,new and old, was one of floods and ensuing flat tyres(thanks to hidden potholes and bumps whose blades were all the more sharpened,to the business benefit of mechanics around town.) Having fallen victim to the mayhem and madness, I posed a rhetoric on what we would have learned once the clouds folded and the rain stopped pouring.
But, chanting and ranting has done little to improve the state of the roads on our cities. And it’s against that backdrop that an offline event was organized, that sought to translate online conversations to offline action, as regards Nairobi road safety and traffic. Interested parties, stakeholders and everyone in between was welcomed, and the power of online communication was leveraged to find people with insight,ideas and solutions in the works to alleviate the traffic status quo.
After many emails,tweets and phone calls, a speaker line-up of coders,policy makers and volunteers emerged.
1. Nduru App:
This Android app built by Kenya Methodist University student, Thomas Kioko ,promises to do a lot as regards sharing on traffic offences, offering users a means to report incidents likely to cause accidents. The app goes a step further to offer first-aid tips, a complaint-filing system by vehicle type/company, vehicle registration number,route number, and a short commentary. One can report accidents by area, intensity(vehicle collision,slight injuries, serious injuries), first-aid tips(for bone injuries, bleeding, unconsciousness etc).
A ‘road watch’ feature will allow one to browse lists of blacklisted vehicles, road repairs, traffic news, road signs, rules and regulations,alerting users(telling motorists what’s happening) among other services.
In his impressive presentation, Thomas cited how hinged the success of the app is to the Nairobi Traffic Department’s willingness to collaborate in using data collected and offering information to be shared via the platform. By then, he hadn’t been able to access the department’s officials. (We had extended an invitation to then Traffic Department Boss, who only expressed interest, but didn’t show up.)
Nduru is still in under construction. It will be very interesting to monitor its uptake once rolled out. (More on the app here.)
Also an Android-based (available on Google Play store),this application offers a virtual guide and response system to Public transport commuters on how to effectively plan and access Matatus and Buses in Nairobi. The app is out to assist commuters in answering questions such as “what is the route number to Yaya?and where can i get the Matatu?” Here’s a video explaining MatNavi’s functionality:
You can navi(gate) by stage and routes, set an alert to notify you whenever approaching your destination point(300m away from it). It also offers route information and stage gallery(aerial views).
Developed by University of Nairobi students: Shiojiri Kichitaro and Jacob Teko, MatNavi purports to solve some of the navigation problems associated with the ubiquitous and often disorganized mode of public transportation in the city. (More on the app here.)
Philip Ogola shared on Kenya Red Cross‘ online crowdsourcing initiative, iVolunteer. Volunteers share information regarding accidents, incidents with the Red Cross via their online platforms(Facebook, Twitter) and in turn, they broadcast the information to their wide following. Red Cross also issue warnings,alerts and safety tips.
Through iVolunteer, lives have been saved, offered Philip. Be it responses to calls for blood donation or tracing lone accident victims(as told in this news article).
Nothing too fancy about its functionality, but iVolunteer epitomizes how online conversations/interactions translate to offline action, the action being lives saved. Looking to partner with the relevant authorities to customize the platform,for subscriptions by regio ,for instance, this is one platform that many of us netizens have benefited from,contributed to or informed through. (Find out how to become an iVolunteer)
4. Overlap Kenya:
Powered by Ushahidi and monitored by Bankelele and Kahenya, Overlap Kenya crowdsources traffic incidents: reckless driving,traffic police bribery, road abuse by GoK/diplomatic-licensed vehicles,unroadworthy vehicles and of course, the grand Nairobi menace, overlapping.
Tweets and twitpics are monitored as uploaded under the #overlapKE and #TwitterBigStick hashtags, and reports generated as shown here.
It remains to be established how best the information collected can be harnessed. Below’s a wordle image of most used words in reporting traffic offences via Overlap Kenya in the period February-March 2012, for instance:
5. Ma3 Route:
Developed by Laban Okune, Ma3 route ‘let’s you easily get that place you are looking for.’The platform assists in finding the cheapest, most direct, least traffic-congested public bus route available to get you from point A to point B. You can access the info via SMS, web, or android. More about the platform here.
And that was that for the ‘tech aspect’ of it. Solutions offered by the tech community, their scaling dependent on collaboration/coordination with relevant authorities.
Yet, as it turns out, they have the problem (thought out) all wrong! That was one of the opening remarks by Dr. Eric Aligula of the Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis, KIPPRA in his presentation.
More on Dr. Aligula’s presentation, the ‘real’ problem and the policy research findings in part 2 of this post series.
‘The Obama administration says it is launching a new partnership with sub-Saharan Africa to improve democracy, economic growth, security and trade in the region.’ VOA News. You can download the U.S. Strategy for Sub-Saharan Africa document here.
African voices have weighed in on this strategy. Below are thoughts by Professor George Ayittey, who sets context, reviews previous US-Africa policies and critiques the current document. These were initially laid out in a series of tweets. (More insights via a twitter chat under the hashtag #USAfricaPolicy)
The U.S., for its part, has also crafted three special initiatives to help Africa since the 1990s. The basic reason why many well-intentioned aid programs came to grief was that the commitment on the part of many of African leaders to put their own houses in order was simply not there. They took the aid money and did the “Babangida Boogie” – one step forward, three steps back, a flip and a sidekick to land on a fat Swiss bank account. This prompted even former President Bill Clinton – regarded as a “friend of Africa” – to bemoan it.
“The responsibility rests with African countries to commit themselves to these objectives and to make policy choices that will enable them to achieve these objectives. Help from outside Africa cannot overcome lack of commitment or wrong choices by the governments of Africa“, President Clinton said in his Feb 5, 1996 Report to Congress: (U.S. Government Report, 1996, 3). Clinton subsequently took bold steps to move away from aid paradigm, replacing it with the slogan “trade not aid.” Continue reading “How To Help, Save or Develop Africa (Part 6): US-Africa Aid Programs”
Africa’s Own Mega-Plans. Since independence, African leaders have announced all sorts of grandiose initiatives and mega-plans at various summits. Nothing subsequently was heard of them after the summits: The Lagos Plan of Action (1980); the African Priority Program for Economic Recovery (1985); the African Alternative Framework to Structural Adjustment (1989), the Abuja Treaty (1991) and others.
Sensing an opportunity with the G-8 in disarray, China declared 2006 as the “Year for Africa” and convened an Africa Conference in Beijing in October. To feed the voracious appetite of its economic machine galloping at a dizzying 9 percent clip, China was trolling for resources in Africa. It wooed African leaders with euphonious verbiage and diplomatic platitudes about “equal terms” and lofty promises of foreign aid without conditions.
Rock and movie stars also hopped onto the aid bandwagon. Back in 1985, there was “Live Aid”intended to save the famine victims in Ethiopia and a “Special Session on Africa” held by the United Nations to boost aid to Africa. Nothing more was heard of them in subsequent years. A year later in 1986, the United Nations announced a Program of Action for African Recovery and Development (PAAERD).
Five years later came the United Nations New Agenda for African Development (UNNADAF) in 1991. Then in March 1996, the U.N. launched a $25 billion Special Initiative for Africa. They all fizzled.In September 2005, the plight of Africa again took center-stage at a U.N. conference with clockwork precision. The international community mounted a campaign to boost foreign aid to Africa. The U.N. called on rich countries to increase their foreign aid to 0.7 percent of GDP by 2015. Continue reading “How To Help, Save or Develop Africa (Part 3): Live Aid, G-8 and more…”
First, the international efforts. Africa’s plight seems to follow a ten-year attention deficit cycle. Every decade or so, mega-plans are drawn up and rock concerts held to whip up international rescue mission for Africa. Acrimonious wrangling over financing modalities ensues. Years slip by and then a decade later, another grand Africa initiative is unveiled.First to appear on the scene were the World Bank and the IMF with their Structural Adjustment Programs (SAPs). Their main goal was to dismantle the statist interventionist behemoth and move African economies to rely more on the private sector.
The state’s pervasive hegemony in the economy was to be rolled back. Price and other controls were to be removed and unprofitable state-owned enterprises were to be sold. In return for these reforms, the Bank provided some $25 billion in loans to run the programs from 1981 to 1991. It was foreign aid conditioned upon the implementation of economic reform. After the collapse of the former Soviet Union in 1989, the Bank and Western donors added a political conditionality – multi-party democracy. Continue reading “How To Help, Save or Develop Africa (Part 2): The International Efforts”
That our roads,for a start,need a makeover,whose funding will come from our pockets.
Everything that’s wrong with our infrastructure,really. From flooded roads,estates,to flash floods and river swells; poorly constructed buildings, power poles caving in…
We will have sat for hours in traffic(maybe we should try calculate individual average time spent in traffic) and it won’t be a hyperbole! No,it will not. We will endure punctures and several visits to the mechanic; a bump here,a dent there. We will have burnt up so much fuel!(But not to worry,we seem to be striking up more oil up north!)
We will whine,sigh,curse,pray,whine some more,pray against the rain…
Being an election year, we’ll affirm our seemingly collective vow to send all MPs,MPigs,MVultures and Mayors home!
The rains will clear up and the skies will be cloudless again. In no time,it’ll be as though it all never happened. The swamps and pools of water will dry up in no time, paving way for more overlapping space,nay, ‘more room for us to drive on’)
We will bring out our sundresses and sandals,and our sunglasses. We’ll again look forward to outdoor events,darn the rains for messing with our social scene!
The traffic situation will still be the same; we’ll turn on our ACs,and beg the passenger near the window in a PSV to yank it open for some fresh air as we marinate in the ensuing heat…wonder when it’ll rain again…